Nederlandse norm. NEN-EN (en) Leer - Ecologische voetafdruk - Product Category Rules (PCR) - Carbon footprints


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Dit document mag slechts op een stand-alone PC worden geinstalleerd. Gebruik op een netwerk is alleen. toestaan als een aanvullende licentieovereenkomst voor netwerkgebruik met NEN is afgesloten. This document may only be used on a stand-alone PC. Use in a network is only permitted when a supplementary license agreement for us in a network with NEN has been concluded.

Leather - Environmental footprint - Product Category Rules (PCR) - Carbon footprints

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Vo Nederlandse norm

NEN-EN 16887 (en)

Leer - Ecologische voetafdruk - Product Category Rules (PCR) - Carbon footprints

Vervangt NEN-EN 16887:2015 Ontw.

ICS 59.140.30

april 2017

Dit document is een voorbeeld van NEN / This document is a preview by NEN

NEN-EN 16887

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Als Nederlandse norm is aanvaard: - EN 16887:2017,IDT

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Beleidscommissie 330 "BC Consumentenzaken"

THIS PUBLICATION IS COPYRIGHT PROTECTED

DEZE PUBLICATIE IS AUTEURSRECHTELIJK BESCHERMD

The Royal Netherlands Standardization Institute shall, with the exclusion of any other beneficiary, collect payments owed by third parties for duplication and/or act in and out of law, where this authority is not transferred or falls by right to the Reproduction Rights Foundation. Auteursrecht voorbehouden. Behoudens uitzondering door de wet gesteld mag zonder schriftelijke toestemming van het Koninklijk Nederlands Normalisatie-instituut niets uit deze uitgave worden verveelvoudigd en/of openbaar gemaakt door middel van fotokopie, microfilm, opslag in computerbestanden of anderszins, hetgeen ook van toepassing is op gehele of gedeeltelijke bewerking. Het Koninklijk Nederlands Normalisatie-instituut is met uitsluiting van ieder ander gerechtigd de door derden verschuldigde vergoedingen voor verveelvoudiging te innen en/of daartoe in en buiten rechte op te treden, voor zover deze bevoegdheid niet is overgedragen c.q. rechtens toekomt aan de Stichting Reprorecht.

Although the utmost care has been taken with this publication, errors and omissions cannot be entirely excluded. The Royal Netherlands Standardization Institute and/or the members of the committees therefore accept no liability, not even for direct or indirect damage, occurring due to or in relation with the application of publications issued by the Royal Netherlands Standardization Institute.

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Apart from exceptions provided by the law, nothing from this publication may be duplicated and/or published by means of photocopy, microfilm, storage in computer files or otherwise, which also applies to full or partial processing, without the written consent of the Royal Netherlands Standardization Institute.

Hoewel bij deze uitgave de uiterste zorg is nagestreefd, kunnen fouten en onvolledigheden niet geheel worden uitgesloten. Het Koninklijk Nederlands Normalisatie-instituut en/of de leden van de commissies aanvaarden derhalve geen enkele aansprakelijkheid, ook niet voor directe of indirecte schade, ontstaan door of verband houdend met toepassing van door het Koninklijk Nederlands Normalisatie-instituut gepubliceerde uitgaven.

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NEN-EN 16887:2017

EN 16887

EUROPEAN STANDARD NORME EUROPÉENNE EUROPÄISCHE NORM

March 2017

ICS 59.140.30

English Version

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Leather - Environmental footprint - Product Category Rules (PCR) - Carbon footprints

Cuir - Empreinte écologique - Règles spécifiques des catégories de produits (RCP) - Empreintes carbone

Leder - Ökologischer Fußabdruck Produktkategorieregeln (PCR) - CO2 Fußabdrücke

This European Standard was approved by CEN on 28 November 2016.

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CEN members are bound to comply with the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations which stipulate the conditions for giving this European Standard the status of a national standard without any alteration. Up-to-date lists and bibliographical references concerning such national standards may be obtained on application to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre or to any CEN member. This European Standard exists in three official versions (English, French, German). A version in any other language made by translation under the responsibility of a CEN member into its own language and notified to the CEN-CENELEC Management Centre has the same status as the official versions.

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CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and United Kingdom.

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EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION COMITÉ EUROPÉEN DE NORMALISATION EUROPÄISCHES KOMITEE FÜR NORMUNG

CEN-CENELEC Management Centre: Avenue Marnix 17, B-1000 Brussels © 2017 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved worldwide for CEN national Members.

Dit document is een voorbeeld van NEN / This document is a preview by NEN

Ref. No. EN 16887:2017 E

NEN-EN 16887:2017

EN 16887:2017 (E)

Contents

Page

European foreword....................................................................................................................................................... 4 Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................... 5 Scope .................................................................................................................................................................... 6

2

Normative references .................................................................................................................................... 6

3

Terms and definitions ................................................................................................................................... 6

4 4.1 4.2 4.2.1 4.2.2 4.2.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.6.1 4.6.2 4.6.3 4.6.4 4.6.5 4.7 4.7.1 4.7.2 4.7.3 4.7.4 4.8 4.8.1 4.8.2 4.9 4.9.1 4.9.2 4.9.3 4.9.4 4.9.5 4.10 4.11 4.11.1 4.11.2 4.11.3 4.12 4.13 4.14

PCR elements .................................................................................................................................................... 9 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 Definition of the product group ................................................................................................................. 9 General ................................................................................................................................................................ 9 Identification of manufacturing company ............................................................................................. 9 Specification of the product ........................................................................................................................ 9 Functional unit .............................................................................................................................................. 10 Bill of materials ............................................................................................................................................. 10 Units and quantities .................................................................................................................................... 11 General system boundaries ...................................................................................................................... 11 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 11 Upstream processes .................................................................................................................................... 12 Core processes............................................................................................................................................... 13 Downstream process .................................................................................................................................. 13 Split leather production process ............................................................................................................ 13 Data quality rules ......................................................................................................................................... 13 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 13 Primary site specific data .......................................................................................................................... 13 Primary data .................................................................................................................................................. 14 Secondary data .............................................................................................................................................. 14 Allocation rules ............................................................................................................................................. 15 Allocation between products and by-products ................................................................................. 15 Allocation between products and co-products.................................................................................. 15 Core module ................................................................................................................................................... 15 Technical system .......................................................................................................................................... 15 Geographical boundaries .......................................................................................................................... 15 Time boundaries .......................................................................................................................................... 15 Boundaries to nature .................................................................................................................................. 15 Boundaries to other product life cycles ............................................................................................... 15 Upstream module — System boundaries ............................................................................................ 16 Downstream module................................................................................................................................... 16 General ............................................................................................................................................................. 16 Use phase scenario ...................................................................................................................................... 16 Recycling declaration and waste treatment ....................................................................................... 16 Requirements for transportation........................................................................................................... 17 Cut off rules .................................................................................................................................................... 18 Requirements for the product declaration ......................................................................................... 18

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Annex A (normative) Chemicals........................................................................................................................... 19 Annex B (informative) Central Product Classification (CPC) codes ........................................................ 22

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NEN-EN 16887:2017

EN 16887:2017 (E)

Annex C (informative) Resource use and emissions profile formula - Waste and by-product treatment - Allocation rules ...................................................................................................................... 23 C.1

Material recovery ......................................................................................................................................... 23

C.2

Thermal utilization ...................................................................................................................................... 24

C.3

Disposal ............................................................................................................................................................ 24

Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................. 25

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NEN-EN 16887:2017

EN 16887:2017 (E)

European foreword This document (EN 16887:2017) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN/TC 289 “Leather”, the secretariat of which is held by UNI.

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This European Standard shall be given the status of a national standard, either by publication of an identical text or by endorsement, at the latest by September 2017, and conflicting national standards shall be withdrawn at the latest by September 2017.

Attention is drawn to the possibility that some of the elements of this document may be the subject of patent rights. CEN shall not be held responsible for identifying any or all such patent rights.

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According to the CEN-CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following countries are bound to implement this European Standard: Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey and the United Kingdom.

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NEN-EN 16887:2017

EN 16887:2017 (E)

Introduction In order to satisfy market expectations, the Product Carbon Footprint (PCF) referred to a defined product needs to be prepared in compliance with specific methods and precise requirements, in order to allow a correct comparison among similar products.

This aim can be achieved only if rules of calculation are defined, so that every organization can follow them in preparing a PCF for a specific product.

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These rules are called “product category rules” (or PCR), that are a complementary part of most general PCF programmes, but are fundamental both during the phase of LCA (Life Cycle Assessment) studies evaluation and the related declarations.

As PCRs are internationally recognized, it is crucial that they are defined in a document discussed, shared and approved in an official international context as CEN is, and that they are included in a standard. In this way they will be applied by the organizations in all interested countries.

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NEN-EN 16887:2017

EN 16887:2017 (E)

1 Scope This European Standard provides a system for calculation of the carbon footprint of leather as defined in EN 15987 and sold in the semi-processed state or ready to be shipped for use in consumer articles manufacturing processes.

2 Normative references

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The following documents, in whole or in part, are normatively referenced in this document and are indispensable for its application. For dated references, only the edition cited applies. For undated references, the latest edition of the referenced document (including any amendments) applies. EN 15987:2015, Leather — Terminology — Key definitions for the leather trade

EN ISO 2589, Leather — Physical and mechanical tests — Determination of thickness (ISO 2589)

EN ISO 14021:2016, Environmental labels and declarations — Self-declared environmental claims (Type II environmental labelling) (ISO 14021:2016)

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EN ISO 14025, Environmental labels and declarations — Type III environmental declarations — Principles and procedures (ISO 14025)

CEN ISO/TS 14067, Greenhouse gases — Carbon footprint of products — Requirements and guidelines for quantification and communication (ISO/TS 14067)

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3 Terms and definitions

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For the purposes of this document, the terms and definitions given in EN 15987 and CEN ISO/TS 14067 and the following apply.

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3.1 leather hide or skin with its original fibrous structure more or less intact, tanned to be imputrescible, where the hair or wool may or may not have been removed, whether or not the hide or skin has been split into layers or segmented either before or after tanning and where any surface coating or surface layer, however applied, is not thicker than 0,15 mm

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Note 1 to entry: If the tanned hide or skin is disintegrated mechanically and/or chemically into fibrous particles, small pieces or powders and then, with or without the combination of a binding agent, is made into sheets or other forms, such sheets or forms are not leather.

Note 2 to entry: If the grain layer has been completely removed, the term leather will not be used without further qualification, e.g. split leather, suede leather.

[SOURCE: EN 15987:2015, 4.1.1, modified — Note 2 to entry was slightly modified] 3.2 sole leather, vegetable tanned leather tanned with vegetable tannins and finished for the outsoles of footwear 3.3 crust leather which is tanned, fatliquored and dried, before finishing [SOURCE: EN 15987:2015, 4.1.3]

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NEN-EN 16887:2017

EN 16887:2017 (E)

3.4 split leather layer from a hide or skin made from a flesh split or a middle split, without any grain structure, tanned to be imputrescible

Note 1 to entry: A split is a layer of hide or skin obtained by dividing it horizontally (splitting) to obtain at least two separate layers; the top layer is called grain split, and the bottom layer is called flesh split; for heavy hides also a middle split can be obtained.

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Note 2 to entry: If the name of the animal whence it originates, or the part of the animal whence it comes, is included in the description, the term “split leather” will be used as a noun, e.g. pig split leather.

[SOURCE: EN 15987:2015, 4.1.2]

3.5 fleshings small pieces of connective and adipose tissues cut from the inner surface of hides and skins in the fleshing operation

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3.6 by-product substance or object resulting from a production process, the primary aim of which is not the production of that item Note 1 to entry:

By-product is a production residue that is not waste.

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3.7 Product Category Rules PCR documents that define requirements that are compulsory for the environmental declarations of a certain category of products according to EN ISO 14025 and that enable transparency and comparability between different environmental footprint studies of these products of a same category

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3.8 semi-processed leather intermediates of leather production, like wet blue, wet-white, crust, pickled pelt, etc

3.9 upstream process process occurring along the supply chain of purchased goods/services prior to entering the core process

3.10 product system (core process) collection of unit processes with elementary and product flows, performing one or more defined functions, and which models the life cycle of a product [SOURCE: EN ISO 14040:2006, 3.28]

3.11 downstream process process occurring along a product supply chain after entering the core process

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